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Saturday, April 28, 2012

The First World War and Teaching




The First Step of Destruction 


Protected by Copyscape Plagiarism CheckerWar is destruction in every time in the beautiful world. World War I (in short WWI) was the leading war which was hold in Europe on 28 July 1914. It was ended on11 November 1918. Duration of this war was near about four years. The world powers were involved in this war. The powerful countries were divided into two groups. One is called Allies and the other is called Central Powers. In Allies power, there were three countries- United KingdomFrance and Russia and in Central Powers there were countries- GermanyAustria-Hungary and Italy. But Austria-Hungary had taken the distasteful against conformity; Italy did not enter into the War. As well as Italy fought for Allies. Both alliances organized and increased more nations into the war. More than 70 million military personnel entered into this war. 60 million military were from Europe. And more than 9 million were killed in the historical battle. In this war the highest technological weapons were used. The war of 1 is the six listed most serious war in the world history.

                        The First Telegram in WW1


The war was the imperialistic foreign policies of the great powers of Europe, together with the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the Russian Empire, the British Empire, the French Republic, and Italy. On 28th July the disagreement opened with the Austro Hungarian attack of Serbia, followed by the German invasion of Belgium, Luxemburg and France. The German march on Paris was brought to an end. In the East, the Russian army successfully fought against the Austro-Hungarian army but was forced back by the German military. The Russian King collapsed in March 1917 and Russia left the war after the October Revolution later in same year. After 1918, German offensive along the Western front, USA forces entered the channels and the Allies Troop back the German armies in a series of winning offensive. Germany agreed to a cease-fire on 11 November 1918, later known as Armistice Day. The war had ended in victory for the Allies.




The name of World War I is very much interesting. “Some wars name themselves. This is the Great War”, said Maclean’s Magazine in Canada in 1914. The war was called the World War and the Great War in English speaking countries. After the Second World War, this war was named World War I. In American historians called it World War I on the other hand British and Canadian said it First World War. This is the difference in calling the name of the war. German philosopher named Ernest Haeckel in September 1914 asserted that “there is no doubt that the course and character of the feared European War……… will become the First World War in the full logic of the word. “The First World War” was the heading of a history book by the officer and journalist Carles a Court Repington.





The background of the war is well known to all. The major European powers had gone to great amount to balance the power all over the Europe. Political and military alliances were result of this difficulty. Those complex networks started in 1815 with the Holy Alliance between PrussiaRussia, and Austria. German Chancellor Bismarck talked the League of the Three Emperors between the monarchs of Austria-HungaryGermany and Russia. This alliance was expended to adding Italy in 1882 what turned into the Triple Alliance.




After unification and foundation of the Empire in 1871 the industrial and economical power had been grown greatly in German. Wilhelm II used to devote important economic resources to build up the Imperial German Navy in rivalry with the British Royal Navy for world naval supremacy


Lenin

Monday, April 9, 2012

WATER CRISIS IN BANGLADESH

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"Water, water every where; but there no drop to drink"
                                                                           Samuel Taylor Coleridge "The Ancient Mariner"

Thirsty bird seeks water 
Water is the main aspect of surviving the animals or creatures in the world. The alternative name of water is life. To existing life, we need to drink water. The main features of water are Hydrogen and Oxygen. Atom oxygen mixes with two atom hydrogen and makes water. We know, oxygen is essential for not only human being but also the other living animals. We take oxygen and produce carbon dioxide. Our body is full of water. Sometime water comes out from our body by the mines of salt. Then, we become ill. Hard workers take water about 5 liter per day. As a human being we need around three liters water in a day. Our blood is water in majority percent. We drink pure water and pour water from our body to the earth is called urine. It is very much harmful for any elements nearby our surroundings including ourselves. We collect pure water from deep tube-well. Except this, we can drink manufactured water which is sold by bottle in the shops. Scientists take water from the pond, the river, the sea, rain water etc. manufacturing from the industries they supply this water to the people. Somewhat they mix medicine with this type of water. Without deep tube-well, we can get water from the current wavy river.

Desert river 
Crisis means less something than demand. So, ‘water crisis’ is the term that indicates less water than demand which a family or a society or a community or a country needs. To emphasize water crisis, we use this term taking about a country that is independent and has a government. Food and Agricultural Organization in 2003 said that there is no water crisis but steps must be taken to avoid this crisis in the future. The major aspects of the water crisis are overall scarcity of water pollution, arsenic pollution and examine atomic bombs for supremacy.

Slogan for water
Bangladesh needs a lot of water in a day but government rule is that no one could deep a tube-well in city area without city author’s permission. The government will supply them water among the city dwellers by WASA. WASA works very hard. They have a lot of containers and vehicles by which they carry water from here to there. If we talk about Dhaka, the capital city in Bangladesh, we become frustrated to hear its water condition. WASA said that they need nearly 250 core liters water in a day for the city dwellers but they only can provide almost 150 core liters. We see the lacking of about 100 core liters water in a city. WASA said that their supplying water is only 60% of the total demand. And the percent they supply can not distribute properly because 40% is shortage. They ensured people that they will overcome this problem within 10 years. One beneficiary people, from Mohammadpur, said that he waited for water lorry for 10 hours. It is notice that around 505 water pumps, only 260 water pumps functioned well but these work only 5 hours in a day. We come to know that coming and going electricity is the main reason of limited running of the water pumps.  

Line for life
Water crisis has been seen in the most under developing and developing countries of Asia and Africa. Somebody accused the rapid growth of population of those countries. Bangladesh is one of them. The population of Bangladesh is growing as fast as that the WASA failed to supply water as its pace. 2 billion people still have no drinking water. 3.4 million people died including 2 million children every year for clean water.

Damage of cultivation 
Water is the natural resource. Nobody can create or renew water. It is very essential for living beings. Water supplied by WASA is dirty. 16% of the total safe water of the world is in Bangladesh. But we suffer for various water diseases. We do not get pure water daily. We suffer water crisis in summer season very much than other season. There is no abounding water in the river because India does not want to open the water protection wall. So, water is decrease in an alarming rate. The environment has been changed. We face many natural disasters. It harms us a lot.

Taking water from dirty pond
Underground water becomes low. We can no get water in rivers, cannels and ponds, so our cultivation becomes damage. The farmer can not serve water in his cultivated field in time. For this reason they cannot produce lots of crops specially paddy, the main food of Bangladesh. We know Bangladesh is an agriculture based country. But it imports a lot of foods for people. The farmers cannot grow up food what they would expect. There is no more electricity that can help the farmer in cultivation. So, here they also face power crisis. They nature does not help them as well. Nature gives rain through taking and giving process that means- nature takes water as vapor from the river, cannels and ponds and makes clouds and rains. But the rivers had already desert because of Indians political cruelty. We need water in the rivers. We need to make diplomatic efforts at the UN to get India to sit for a solution about international rivers water sharing. We need the water flowing in out rivers to keep our lands fertile and full of crops. This is a matter of great importance as we may find in a sudden food crisis for not having cultivatable/enable lands and not having to supply water properly.

The government should take a step to rescue the people from the face of desert.

 

N.B: A program named ‘Aparajito’ in the “Star Jolsa” said, “To put a fence into the Bay of Bengal, is water protected and is possible?” They made our victory over Myanmar about the sea area ridiculous. We should make diplomacy with India in restricted way. Or throw the relationships away with them. They are the only recognized sweet poison of Bangladesh in the world; Bangladesh government should understand their plan.
                      ---- April 6, 2012
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